On Linux the installation of software is slightly different as the software has to be taken from your repositories of Linux distribution software. Even though it sounds quite complicated, the procedure is quite simple which could be carried out by a layman with ease.
The software installation system of Linux is very similar to an app store. It is a single place from which you could get all your softwares and updates about the softwares.
How to proceed with the installation: Most of the softwares are made available in the software repositories. It is most likely that your Linux distribution would provide good graphics which makes it extremely appealing. The next step is to select the desired package. Once selected all the packages that you want in your system, the package manager in the system would download all that is necessary for proper functioning of the softwares and ensures that it is successfully installed.
However in Ubuntu, you would see an orange shopping bag icon which is the package manager. This interface could be used to search for softwares as well as for their successful installation. The searches would give you positive results for specific names as well as for category names, E.g. Video player. All that you are required to do is to click on download tab and give in your password. Rest everything will be taken care of. Linux distribution has separate software repositories for each of its distribution but all of it has the same working pattern. It is done in a graphical pattern so that it enables ease to its users.
Installing property packages: Some programs which are popularly used may not be present in the software repositories of Linux. Some of them are Skype, Opera, Steam and Google Chrome. Since Linux does not have the license to have these programs, if you wish to have these you will have to purchase them separately.
If you want to download any extra software the best way to do that is by visiting the official website of that particular program and then download it from there. These webpages are quite user friendly and you would not have any issues navigating through.
Read Also: Choosing The Best Linux Distribution
To a common man, understanding technology is boring and confusing mostly because of the lack of terminology. It is no rocket science and is extremely simple if you know what term stands for what. For example, even the term Linux is used by different people in different contexts that it could be quite baffling for a lay man.
An expert in technology would describe Linux as the kernel which powers other operating system including Fedora, openSUSE and Ubuntu. Whereas when asked a layman, he/she would describe Linux as an operating system. So different set of people associate it with different meanings. Technically, the term Linux (GNU) indicates a broad term which includes the conventional operating system. OS (Operating System) signifies a software that controls all the hardware (monitor, keyboard, mouse, USB ports and all other parts of the computer which you can see for yourself) it is also responsible for allowing other interactive softwares in your system too. The most popular operating system is Microsoft windows.
Linux Kernel: This is the major segment in any operating system which facilitates good and viable communication between the software and the hardware of a computer system. The important part in this process is the version that you use, as only the latest updated kernel would support the latest hardware which you have.
Linux kernel including all the associated tools and packages with the other software is taken up by Linux distribution and completes the operating system. The most popular Linux programs are Linux Mint, Ubuntu, Fedora, openSUSE, Arch, Mageia, Zorin, Manjaro and CentOS. Each of these distributions were designed and release to satisfy different requirements and all of them have varied components. Some programs like, Linux Mint and Ubuntu can be used with extreme ease whereas some may have other important and different features. All the programs have varied advantages and disadvantages as well as mode of use.
Read Also:When buying a laptop for Linux
It can be quite mind boggling to decide on the right Linux distribution. This has to be only decided after considering quite a lot of factors like your requirements, taste as well as the internet connection that is available.
If you are a desktop user and has the latest hardware installed, here are the most suitable options for you (please do remember that, this is an extremely personal opinion and not based on any public survey or poll):
Fedora : Even though opinions vary, I personally think that fedora is the best decision as it provides you with the most updated version of kernel as well as the advanced software. However there might be some initial difficulties while the installation of Fedora, which would work perfectly once it is over. Another great advantage it gives is games feature, there are so many available games for the user’s entertainment. Since Fedora is advanced and has the latest technology, it is highly compatible with the hardware which you have in your system.
Mageia: This is a really good distribution which provides an excellent management of all your softwares and drives. It also has quite lot of support systems which enables scanning and printing. The latest version of this distribution is only released after a period of testing.
Ubuntu: One of the most popularly used Linux distribution system which has a good integration of terminal application and software canter. The greatest advantage that it has is the huge user community and query forums.
If you have a desktop with old hardware:
Fedora (LXDE): It is one of the programs that provide great support even when the hardware is old. The only difference from the latest version, is its use of LXDE environment for the desktop
Puppy Linux: If your desktop is old, then this is the right program for you. It is light and runs in any pc smoothly.
LUbuntu: This is a Linux based Ubuntu which uses LXDE environment for the desktop.