To a common man, understanding technology is boring and confusing mostly because of the lack of terminology. It is no rocket science and is extremely simple if you know what term stands for what. For example, even the term Linux is used by different people in different contexts that it could be quite baffling for a lay man.
An expert in technology would describe Linux as the kernel which powers other operating system including Fedora, openSUSE and Ubuntu. Whereas when asked a layman, he/she would describe Linux as an operating system. So different set of people associate it with different meanings. Technically, the term Linux (GNU) indicates a broad term which includes the conventional operating system. OS (Operating System) signifies a software that controls all the hardware (monitor, keyboard, mouse, USB ports and all other parts of the computer which you can see for yourself) it is also responsible for allowing other interactive softwares in your system too. The most popular operating system is Microsoft windows.
Linux Kernel: This is the major segment in any operating system which facilitates good and viable communication between the software and the hardware of a computer system. The important part in this process is the version that you use, as only the latest updated kernel would support the latest hardware which you have.
Linux kernel including all the associated tools and packages with the other software is taken up by Linux distribution and completes the operating system. The most popular Linux programs are Linux Mint, Ubuntu, Fedora, openSUSE, Arch, Mageia, Zorin, Manjaro and CentOS. Each of these distributions were designed and release to satisfy different requirements and all of them have varied components. Some programs like, Linux Mint and Ubuntu can be used with extreme ease whereas some may have other important and different features. All the programs have varied advantages and disadvantages as well as mode of use.
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